Recent Advances on Non-Line-of-Sight Imaging: Conventional Physical Models, Deep Learning, and New Scenes


As an emerging technology that has attracted huge attention, non-line-of-sight (NLOS) imaging can reconstruct hidden objects by analyzing the diffuse reflection on a relay surface, with broad application prospects in the fields of autonomous driving, medical imaging, and defense. Despite the challenges of low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and high ill-posedness, NLOS imaging has been developed rapidly in recent years. Most current NLOS imaging technologies use conventional physical models, constructing imaging models through active or passive illumination and using reconstruction algorithms to restore hidden scenes. Moreover, deep learning algorithms for NLOS imaging have also received much attention recently. This paper presents a comprehensive overview of both conventional and deep learning-based NLOS imaging techniques. Besides, we also survey new proposed NLOS scenes, and discuss the challenges and prospects of existing technologies. Such a survey can help readers have an overview of different types of NLOS imaging, thus expediting the development of seeing around corners.

APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing